The Albany Government Law Review replaced the Environmental Outlook Journal during the 2007-2008 academic year. The inaugural issue focused on campaign finance reform, and included a forward by former New York governor Eliot Spitzer. The Brennan Center for Justice, a noted critic of New York State government, contributed an article to the first issue entitled “What Albany Could Learn From New York City: A Model of Meaningful Campaign Finance Reform in Action.”
In 2010, the law review was cited by Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens in his epic dissent in McDonald v. Chicago. Justice Stevens cited an article by Carl T. Bogus, entitled "Gun Control and America’s Cities: Public Policy and Politics" which was published in Volume 1, Issue 2, of The Albany Government Law Review. See McDonald v. Chicago, 561 U.S. 742, 891 (2010) (Stevens, J., dissenting).
More recently, in 2017 the law review was cited by the Virginia Supreme Court in Williams v. Commonwealth, 810 S.E.2d 885, 890 (Va. 2017).