Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery, and the third
most profitable trafficking activity in the world after drug and
gun trafficking. Some scholars at the University of Kentucky
point out: "America is no stranger to slavery. There is a rich history of slavery being imported to Virginia and culminating in a law to abolish importation of African slaves (1807), a civil war because of slavery (1860-1865), and laws that finally intended the abolition of slavery itself (1863)."
However, human trafficking, arguably, has negative effects as
great as slavery, and if it cannot be suppressed, the ideal goal of
the international community will be threatened.
This paper will discuss the main forms of human trafficking and
issues of sexual exploitation, human trafficking analyzed from
the international perspective, and issues explored in domestic law
enforcement of human trafficking within the context of the
international obligations to fight against human trafficking and
sex slavery. Main measures taken against human trafficking and
sex slavery at the national level will also be discussed.